An issue that is particularly pertinent to the NPA region is the relentless increase of marine litter
and in particular discarded fishing nets.
● J.R. Jambeck et al.,'Plastic waste inputs from land into the ocean', Science, 2015
● UNEP, 'Valuing Plastics: The Business Case for Measuring, Managing and Disclosing Plastic Use in the Consumer Goods Industry', 2014
● J. Brown, Macfadyen, G et al.'Ghost fishing by lost fishing gear. Final report to DG, Fisheries and Maritime Affairs of the European Commission, Fish/2004/20." Institute for European Environmental Policy/Poseidon Aquatic Resource Management Ltd Join report 2005
● C. Wilcox et al.,'Using expert elicitation to estimate the impacts of plastic pollution on marine wildlife', Marine Policy, 2016
● World Economic Forum (2009), Ellen MacArthur Foundation and McKinsey & Company, The New Plastics Economy - Rethinking the future of Plastics
● Macfadyen, G.Huntington, T., & Cappell, R. (2009). "Abandoned, lost or otherwise discarded fishing gear". UNEO Regional Seas Reports & Studies, No 185; FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Technical Paper, No 523. Rome: UNEP/FAO
The countries of the Northern Periphery and Arctic region share the
following common challenges:
The remoteness of the NPA region can restrict access to markets, enterprise opportunities, and potential collaborators and more peripheral areas suffer from out-migration, brain drain and ageing populations.
LIMITED BUSINESS OPPORTUNITIES
High transport costs and the inability to reach critical mass lead to a challenging business environment.
INCREASE IN SEA TRAFFIC
Increases in sea traffic and greater amounts of marine litter through the Northern Sea Route, as a consequence of greater accessibility due to climate change.
LOW POPULATION DENSITY
The average population density of habitable regions of the NPA region is very low compared to the European Union average.
NEGATIVE IMPACT ON TOURISM
Coastal regions across the NPA area are renowned for their outstanding natural beauty. Increasing levels of marine litter impinge on the ability of the NPA region to retain its appeal to tourists and residents.
MANAGING WASTE MATERIALS
Remote regions of the NPA area face important decisions with how they deal with materials which may not have been produced or used locally, but have been discarded onto their shores and seas.
Results from Circular Ocean’s research will be used to inform scientists, politicians, entrepreneurs and local communities on how to develop sustainable solutions to the problem of derelict fishing gear. Circular Ocean will develop the following resources for key stakeholders also: